Need help with academic referencing?

New to the university and embarking on your first assignment? Maybe you’ve been told to cite your sources for an essay and you’re wondering what this is all about. If so, we’ve got your back! There’s lots of support available.

Online guides

For those who prefer guidance in written format, there are several online guides.

General guide to Referencing

The Library Subject Guides also have sections on referencing in that subject.

There’s also a guide to Refworks, which is the university’s recommended software for managing references. It’s not essential to use the software, but it might save you some time in the longrun.


Want to attend a class? There are a number of workshops in the Stirling Essentials programme which focus on referencing and related topics, e.g.

Writing and Referencing

Harvard Referencing

Chicago Referencing

APA Referencing


Check them out here and sign up in advance

Contact your librarian

If you still have questions about referencing, contact your librarian – they’ll be happy to help. You’ll find their contact details on the relevant Library Subject Guide.